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Omics sciences

The "omics" are the sciences that allow studying a large number of molecules, involved in the functioning of an organism..

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In 1980, the term "omics" was coined to refer to the study of a set of molecules. For example, genomics refers to the study of many genes in DNA; transcriptomics is the study of many transcripts or mRNA; proteomics is the study of many proteins; Metabolomics is the study of many metabolites, among others.

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What is a multi-omic approach?

The multi-omic approach aims to combine 2 or more omic data sets to aid in the analysis, visualization, and interpretation of data to determine mechanisms of biological processes. The application of omics studies, such as genomics, transcriptomics, epigenomics, proteomics, metagenomics; they have been successful and aim to understand processes in the area of ​​human disease, agricultural science, microbiology or the environment. The purpose of applied multi-omics in science is to try to increase diagnostic performance, improve disease prognosis, produce better agricultural results, among other applications.

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In the last decade, multi-omic studies have occupied a central place in biomedical research, techniques that have helped the development of new knowledge about biological mechanisms and events. This approach aims to identify molecular markers associated with biological processes. This use of these biomarkers can be predictive, prognostic or pharmacological targets, helping greatly in the application of precision medicine.